Queen Victoria Information – 15 Issues You Ought to Know About Victoria’s Kids, Husband, Reign, and Dying
One of the story, Victoria was an epoch-making figure whose fascinating life continues to inspire storytellers to this day. Even if you’ve heard of the long-reigning British monarch, there is a lot about Victoria that will surprise you.
1. Her first name was not Victoria.
Queen Victoria was born on May 24, 1819 at Kensington Palace and was originally called Alexandrina Victoria, after her godfather Tsar Alexander I, but always preferred to use her middle name or the nickname “Drina”. At birth, Victoria was fifth in line to the throne for the British Crown, behind the four eldest sons of George III, including her three uncles and her father Edward.
2. She was the first member of the royal family to live in Buckingham Palace.
Shortly after her accession to the throne, Queen Victoria moved to Buckingham Palace, which previously belonged to her late uncle, King William IV. This made Queen Victoria the first incumbent monarch to settle in Buckingham, although her move was not without its difficulties. The royal family’s website states: “Her marriage to Prince Albert in 1840 soon revealed the palace’s shortcomings.”
The palace had to be extremely renovated if it was to become a family home as Queen Victoria intended. Victoria did the job adding an entirely new wing, and years later Buckingham continues to serve as the seat of royal business and Queen Elizabeth’s London residence.
3. She was barely 1.80 m tall.
The monarch was four inches shorter than Queen Elizabeth II.
4. She became queen when she was 18.
At 6 a.m. on June 20, 1837, Victoria was awakened from her bed and informed that her uncle, King William IV, had suffered a heart attack and died that night. Less than a month after her 18th birthday, Victoria was Queen.
5. When she was growing up, she was under constant supervision.
Less than a year after Queen Victoria’s birth, her father Edward, Duke of Kent (the fourth son of George III) died of pneumonia and had the young princess raised by her mother. After his death, Victoria’s mother, Duchess Victoria, was ready to rule with her daughter if Victoria’s uncle died and she came to the throne before she was officially of legal age. Because of this, Victoria’s mother used a strict code of discipline to shape the future queen. Later known as the “Kensington System”, it included a rigorous schedule designed to improve Victoria’s morale and intellect.
This meant that due to the demands of her time, she rarely came into contact with children of her age. Princess Victoria was under constant adult supervision and also had to share a bedroom with her mother until she became queen.
6. She was multilingual.
The young queen was an accomplished linguist who spoke both English and German fluently. Both her mother and governess had German roots, so Victoria grew up with the language and later used it frequently when speaking to her German husband, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. The queen also studied French, Italian and Latin.
Towards the end of her reign, when servants from India arrived at Windsor Castle in 1877, her servant Abdul Karim taught the queen many Hindu and Urdu language to better communicate with her servants. “I am learning a few words of Hindustani to speak to my servants,” she wrote in her diary, according to a book about the time, Victoria & Abdul. “I’m interested in the language as well as in the people, with whom I have of course never really come into contact.”
7. She survived several assassinations.
Several attempts were made on the life of Queen Victoria during her reign, all of which were unsuccessful. The first notable attempt was made in 1840 when 18-year-old Edward Oxford shot the Queen’s carriage in London. Oxford was charged with high treason for its crime and ultimately found not guilty of madness, according to the History channel website. Two men tried to shoot her in 1842, and in 1849 her carriage was attacked by William Hamilton, an unemployed Irish immigrant who later pleaded guilty of the crime and was exiled for seven years, History reports. A year later, Robert Pate, a former soldier, hit the queen in the head with an iron-tipped stick, according to Smithsonian Magazine.
The last notable attempt was in March 1882 when a Scottish poet named Roderick Maclean shot a pistol at Queen Victoria’s carriage as it was leaving Windsor Railway Station. According to Time, this was Maclean’s eighth attempt to assassinate the queen. Maclean was charged with treason and found “not guilty but insane,” so Maclean was sentenced to prison until his death in 1921, the Guardian reports. Despite the chaos and fear that followed the many assassination attempts, Queen Victoria became increasingly popular with the public after each assassination attempt.
8. She proposed marriage to her husband.
In the run-up to her 17th birthday party, the then Princess Victoria met her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Four years later, Victoria, now the monarch, proposed marriage to Prince Albert on October 15, 1839, and they married on February 10, 1840 in theof in London.
Victoria was deeply in love with Albert and When they were married, she claimed to be truly happy for the first time in her life. After their wedding night, Queen Victoria wrote in her diary: “I have never had an evening like this !! My very dearest, dear Albert … his excessive love and affection gave me feelings of heavenly love and happiness that I could never have hoped for felt once! ”
9. You started more than one popular wedding trend.
At the time of their wedding, it was common for wedding dresses to come in different colors. However, Queen Victoria wanted to show the lace embroidery of her dress and asked it to be in white. She also asked that none of her guests wear white so as not to distract from her, and she even had the pattern for her dress destroyed so it couldn’t be copied, according to Vogue. Queen Victoria adorned the dress – complete with a 6-foot train – with white satin shoes, Turkish diamond earrings, and a sapphire brooch that belonged to Prince Albert. The queen wore a wreath of myrtle and orange blossoms over her veil.
10. And also a popular Christmas present.
You can thank Queen Victoria and her husband Prince Albert for their Christmas tree. They popularized the custom in 1848 when Albert sent decorated trees to schools and army barracks in Windsor. A picture of the royal family decorating a tree was also posted that year, inspiring other British families to do the same.
Victoria and Albert were very handy with this. “Queen Victoria and Prince Albert brought the tree to Windsor Castle on Christmas Eve and they would decorate it themselves,” Royal Collection curator Kathryn Jones told the BBC. “They lit the candles and put gingerbread on the tree and the children were brought in.”
11. She and her husband had nine children.
Throughout her life, Queen Victoria was the mother of nine children with Prince Albert. Her sons and daughters later married in several other European monarchies and gave birth to the Queen’s 42 grandchildren.
12. She became the first known carrier of hemophilia, known as the “royal disease”.
Queen Victoria was the first in her family to have hemophilia B, a blood clotting disorder, but the queen herself was not hemophilia. Because of Victoria’s great ancestry, the disorder was passed on to members of royal and noble families across Europe. A 2009 study in Science Magazine even linked the hemophilia mutation to members of the Russian royal family, the Romanovs.
The disease claimed several of her offspring: Queen Victoria’s son Leopold, the Duke of Albany, died at the age of 30 after slipping and falling, and two of Queen Victoria’s grandchildren – Friedrich and Leopold – also bled to death from the Illness. The last royal carrier of the disease is believed to be Prince Waldemar of Prussia, who died in 1945, Science Magazine reports.
13. She was the first monarch to take the train.
The Victorian era was a time of rapid technological advancement and industrialization. Electricity became more common and photography became a popular medium and railway systems spread across the UK. In 1842, Victoria became the first female monarch to take the train, according to PBS. The drive from Slough, near Windsor Castle, to Paddington in West London took about 30 minutes. The 23-year-old queen found the ride delightful and said the “movement was very little and much easier than a carriage – no dust or great heat,” said People.
14. She is the second longest reigning British monarch.
Not so long ago, Queen Victoria held the title of Britain’s longest reigning monarch, with a total reign of 63 years and seven months. In 2015, Queen Elizabeth II broke Queen Victoria’s record and holds it to this day.
15. Your name lives on all over the world.
As Queen of England during the British Empire, Queen Victoria inspired the title from lakes and mountains to cities in the empire at the time. From the 33 Victoria Roads in Great Britain to Victoria Park in Bhavnagar, India, to two Mount Victorias in New Zealand, her name lives on around the world.
Our favorite books on Queen Victoria
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